How to Start an LLC in Maine

Don’t let the process of starting a company in Maine overwhelm you. We have your back. Our guide shows you how to get your Maine limited liability company (LLC) up and running quickly and affordably.

In this guide, we outline five steps to help you start a Maine LLC. We also explain how the right LLC service can make the process easier and quicker, allowing you to focus on opening and growing your business. We’re here to help whether you file yourself or use a service like ours.

Following this guide will help you save time by avoiding missteps along the way.

LLC requirements vary state by state so it’s important that you are well-versed in Maine laws before proceeding. Generally, it comes down to these steps:

Step 1: Name your Maine LLC

Pick a unique name for your LLC. The first step is selecting an LLC name. That may sound simple, but it’s important to consider a few factors. You need a name that’s clear and identifiable for your Maine business.

LLC Naming Requirements

Maine state law requires that your business name include one of the following designators in its name indicating that the company is an LLC:

  • Limited Liability Company
  • Limited Company
  • L.L.C.
  • LLC
  • L.C.
  • LC

Be careful about names that can sound questionable in nature. Maine forbids using obscene language, as well as anything that promotes illegal activity. You also can’t use a name that makes a false connection to a public entity.

Name Search and Reservation

Before finalizing anything, though, you need to research whether the name you want is available. You can’t have the same name as any other business in Maine. We have a Maine business name search page that can guide you through this process.

If you find a name you like but aren’t yet ready to file your Articles of Organization, Maine allows you to reserve a business name for 120 days for a fee. This reservation can’t be renewed.

Securing a Matching Web Domain

When you’re coming up with a business name, it’s wise to consider whether you can secure a matching domain name so that your future website can be easily found online. We have a tool to help you do a preliminary domain name search, and our domain name registration service can help you secure the online name that will best serve your company.

Registering an Assumed Name

If you plan on naming your LLC one thing but want to do business with another name, you will need a DBA (“doing business as”) name, known in Maine as an “assumed name.” For this, you’ll need to file a Statement of Intention to Do Business Under an Assumed or Fictitious Name. There is a filing fee involved for an assumed name filing.

Note that the Pine Tree State (unlike most other states) differentiates between an assumed name and a “fictitious name.” Here a fictitious name is a name adopted by a foreign (out-of-state) corporation authorized to transact business in Maine because its real name is unavailable. There’s a fee involved for a fictitious name filing.

If you want to simplify and speed up the process of securing an assumed name, we have a Maine DBA service you can use.

Check for federal and state trademarks

To make sure you’re entirely in the clear with your business name, visit the United States Patent and Trademark Office website. There you can find out whether your business name or logo is federally trademarked.

Trademarks can also happen at the state level. To find out if your desired business name is already trademarked in Maine and/or apply for a trademark of your own, go to the Maine Secretary of State website page for trademarks.

Step 2: Appoint a registered agent in Maine

Choose a registered agent. A registered agent is a person or business entity designated to receive legal notices and certain correspondence from the Secretary of State on behalf of your business. Maine requires a registered agent to be listed and kept current.

Who can serve as your registered agent?

A registered agent must be a resident of the state who is 18 years of age or older or a company authorized to do business in Maine. In either case, they must have a physical address in Maine (not a P.O. box) where service of process can be delivered in person. The agent must be available during normal business hours.

You can serve as your Maine registered agent if you meet the criteria. However, this might not be a smart choice, as the registered agent is required to be available during business hours for legal notices to be served. It can be difficult to be available all day while running your business. 

That being the case, you may want to consider using a registered agent service. We can provide you with a Maine registered agent service through our third-party partner.

Freeing your time to grow your business is only one benefit of hiring an outside registered agent service. A few other advantages include:

  • Being served legal documents in front of potential clients can be distracting and awkward. This can be avoided with a registered agent service, who will receive documents away from your place of business and send them along to you.
  • A registered agent service can often organize those documents, which can help you meet deadlines and keep your business in good standing.

Step 3: File Maine Certificate of Formation

File the paperwork to officially form your LLC. Now that you have your name and registered agent, it’s time to file your Certificate of Formation. To complete the application, you will need the following information:

  • The name of the company
  • The filing date (You can choose between the date you file the paperwork or a later date.)
  • Your designation as a low-profit LLC (You only complete this section if you meet specific qualifications.)
  • Your designation as a professional LLC (Here, too, you only complete if you meet certain qualifications.)
  • A registered agent (You can select from a noncommercial or commercial registered agent.)
  • Any attachments the LLC owners or members decide to include
  • Signature (At least one authorized person needs to sign the application.)

The application also requires a cover letter that includes:

  • The name of your organization
  • A list of the filings you’re enclosing (Certificate of Formation)
  • Any special handling requests (This is where you can check a box if, for example, you want expedited filing. You can pick 24-hour or immediate service.)
  • Contact information (List the person the Secretary of State’s office should contact if they have any questions.)
  • The address where the Secretary of State’s office will return documents

To file your application, you must pay a fee. Expedited filing is an additional cost for 24-hour processing and immediate processing. All applications must be delivered by mail or in person. Maine is unusual in that it has no online filing option.

To mail in your Certificate of Formation, send it to:

Department of the Secretary of State
Division of Corporations, UCC and Commissions
101 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333-0101

That all being said, filing official government documents like this can be intimidating and/or complicated for many people, which is why we’re here. With our business formation plans, our professionals handle the filing for you to make sure it’s done quickly and correctly the first time.

Keep your Maine limited liability company paperwork organized

If you have us handle filing your Certificate of Formation, once the state approves your LLC, your paperwork will be available from your ZenBusiness dashboard, where you can keep it and other important paperwork digitally organized.

Once you get your physical paperwork back from the state approving your new LLC, you’ll want to keep it in a safe location along with your other important documents, such as your operating agreement, member certificates, contracts, compliance checklists, transfer ledger, etc. We offer a customized business kit to help you keep these important documents organized and looking professional.

Step 4: Create an operating agreement

Write an operating agreement. Unlike most states, Maine requires LLCs to have an operating agreement, which it calls an LLC Agreement. According to Maine statute: “A limited liability company agreement must be entered into or otherwise existing. The limited liability company agreement may be entered into either before, after or at the time of the filing of a certificate of formation.” 

An LLC operating agreement sets out business operations and governs the relationships between LLC members (owners) and between members and the company.

Besides being required by the state, an operating agreement in Maine is a good idea. It’s an additional step that formalizes your business and helps protect its LLC status. If you have multiple members in your LLC, it’s important to put agreements in writing. That way, when disagreements come up between members, there’s a written document to refer to rather than potentially faulty memories.

Operating agreements typically include a number of things, like:

  • Member responsibilities and returns. You’ll want to specifically lay out the percentage of each member’s ownership, the distribution of income, and member voting rights and responsibilities.
  • Roles within the company. Who will be responsible for which parts of the business, and what power does each member or manager hold?
  • Buyout/buy-sell details. This is where you discuss how it will work if a member wants to leave the LLC or if a new member needs to be added. It’s also important to discuss what will happen if a member dies.

Your operating agreement, once complete, should be kept with your business filings.

Let us help take the guesswork out of creating your operating agreement. We have plans that include a customizable operating agreement template.

Step 5: Apply for an EIN

Get an EIN. The fifth step is to apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN), also called a Tax ID Number. You can apply for an EIN through the IRS website or by mailing Form SS-4. But if you’re unfond of dealing with that particular government agency, we can get it for you. Our EIN service is quick and eliminates the hassle.

Your business EIN works like a Social Security number for your business and is also referred to as a Federal Tax Identification Number. Among other things, you need an EIN if you have multiple LLC members or if you plan to hire employees. Still, even if neither of those applies to your business, you should consider obtaining an EIN, anyway. Most banks require an EIN to open a business bank account. 

Open a business bank account

Once you’ve secured an EIN, you’ll be able to open a business bank account. Having separate accounts for your business and your personal banking is critical for sorting out your finances at tax time and helps you avoid commingling funds. Commingling funds can not only make your taxes more difficult, but it could also be used against you if someone takes you to court to challenge whether you and your LLC are truly separate entities.

We offer a discounted bank account for your new business. This allows for unlimited transactions, online banking, a debit card, and more. When you want to authorize others in your business to use the account, we offer a banking resolution template to simplify the process.

For further help managing your new business’s finances, try ZenBusiness Money. It can help you create invoices, receive payments, transfer money, and manage clients all in one place.

We can help

At ZenBusiness, we believe every aspiring entrepreneur should have the tools and support necessary to create a business, which is why we’ve made it easy with our free LLC service. We handle the complexities of starting an LLC in Maine, while you focus on your business.

Along with LLC formation, we provide worry-free compliance services and more to keep your business in good standing. With expert support on hand every step of the way, we have everything you need to run and grow your business effortlessly.

So, whether you’re starting a rental property business in Augusta or a food truck in South Portland, join the hundreds of thousands of businesses we’ve helped launch.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is for information purposes only and does not constitute legal, tax, or accounting advice. If you have specific questions about any of these topics, seek the counsel of a licensed professional.

ZenBusiness is a financial technology company and is not a bank. Banking services provided by Thread Bank; Member FDIC. The ZenBusiness Visa® Debit Card is issued by Thread Bank pursuant to a license from Visa U.S.A. Inc. and may be used everywhere Visa debit cards are accepted. Your funds are FDIC insured up to $250,000 through Thread Bank; Member FDIC.


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Maine LLC FAQs

  • The state fees for forming a Maine LLC range from $175 to $195, depending on factors such as whether you choose to reserve your business name. Note that filing fees change over time, so you should check the Secretary of State website for the most recent fee schedule.

  • There are several benefits to selecting an LLC structure for your business. A few include:

    • Limited liability for individual owners or members. If your business is sued or goes out of business owing debt, the personal assets of individual members are usually protected.
    • Taxes. The income that your business earns will be distributed to the members, and those members will be taxed on their personal income. This is different from a corporate structure where the business would be taxed and then the income distributions would also appear on personal taxes.
    • Less red tape. There’s more flexibility over the structure and record-keeping of an LLC than with a corporation. 

    Learn more about the benefits of the LLC business structure.

  • LLCs are typically considered “pass-through entities,” meaning they’re not subject to federal corporate income taxes. Instead, the profits are passed through to the owner’s personal income, and the responsibility to pay taxes falls only on the individual. This is unlike most corporations, in which profits are taxed twice, first at the business level and again at the individual shareholder level.

    Single-member LLCs don’t have to file a separate federal return for their LLC. They report the LLC income on their personal income tax return (Form 1040). But LLCs with multiple members must file a separate informational federal return for the LLC, Form 1065. Then each LLC member reports their share of the profits on Schedule K-1 and attaches it to their own personal federal tax return.

    Although LLCs are taxed as sole proprietorships or general partnerships by default, LLCs also have the option to be taxed as corporations. Some LLC members choose to classify their businesses as an S corporation or a C corporation, which can be advantageous in some cases. In particular, many LLCs elect to be taxed as S corporations because it could potentially save the members money on self-employment taxes. You can learn more on our “What Is an S Corp?” page.

    You also have a few other forms of federal taxation to keep in mind. For example, you will likely need to pay self-employment taxes on your portion of the LLC’s profits. These are the taxes that go toward Social Security and Medicare. 

    State Taxes

    Your Maine LLC may also need to pay a variety of state and local taxes. These include taxes that are payable to the Maine government, like sales tax. If you plan to sell products or services taxable in Maine, you will need to file an Application for Tax Registration with the Maine Revenue Services.

    For state income taxes, your LLC will be taxed the same way as you elected to have it taxed by the federal government. If you have your LLC taxed as a corporation at the federal level, you’ll also need to pay Maine’s corporate income tax.

    To learn more about your tax responsibilities, contact the Maine Revenue Services and your local tax authorities. We also advise consulting a tax professional.

  • According to the Secretary of State website, after filing your Maine LLC Certificate of Formation, it takes approximately 25 to 30 business days to be processed. Maine has options for expediting your filing for an additional fee.

  • While Maine is one of several states requiring an LLC to have an operating agreement, you’re not required to file it with the Secretary of State’s office.

  • LLC owners typically only pay state and federal taxes on their personal income from the LLC. An LLC is not separately taxed.

    Some LLCs (particularly those with high earnings) may choose to file taxes as either an S corporation or a C corporation. This option has some distinct advantages for certain LLCs. You can learn more about how these methods of taxation compare on our LLC vs. S corporation and LLC vs. C corporation pages.

    In evaluating these options, it can be extremely helpful to get advice from qualified accounting professionals.

  • As of this writing, Maine doesn’t allow Series LLCs. A Series LLC is set up with one primary LLC that acts as an umbrella over several other LLCs in order to shield the LLCs from each other’s liabilities. 

  • You’ll need to make sure your LLC has all the licenses and permits it’s required to have by law. Unfortunately, because licensing varies by industry and location and can occur on the federal, state, and local levels, there’s no central place to check to see if you have all the licenses and permits you need. You’ll have to do some research.

    If you don’t have the time or inclination to do all this research, or if you just want the peace of mind to know that your business has all the licenses and permits it’s legally required to have, our business license report service can do the work for you.

  • Your Maine LLC must file an annual report and pay an accompanying fee to the Secretary of State by June 1 of each year.

    We can help you with your Maine annual report in a couple of ways. Our annual report service will help you file your annual report, and our Worry-Free Compliance service helps you file your annual report, sends you important compliance reminders, and helps you with two amendment filings each year.

  • You can officially dissolve your LLC by following the terms set forth in your operating agreement and filing the Articles of Dissolution with the Maine Secretary of State. There’s a filing fee involved for submitting the application. 

    For more information, visit our Maine business dissolution guide.

  • Yes, an LLC registered in a different state may conduct business in Maine after it files a Statement of Foreign Qualification to Conduct Activities and pays the requisite fee.

“This is your life.
You want to get it right.”

– Mark Cuban on Starting a Business

Entrepreneur and Shark Tank host lays out
3 steps to follow when starting a business

  • Form an LLC to protect your liability
  • Set up your banking and accounting
  • Grow sales by marketing your website

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